Colorectal Cancericon

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem in the world as it has been described as one of the most common causes of cancer-related death1. An early diagnosis is crucial for patient survival and also their quality of life2. Effective CRC screening and diagnosis usually relies on a total colonoscopy, which is widely used for the diagnosis and treatment control of colon disorders (e.g. large-bowel symptoms, iron deficiency, anaemia, postpolypectomy as well as diagnosis and surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease)3. Prior to a colonoscopy, bowel cleanser preparations have to be applied.

1. Ferlay J et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11. [Internet] Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013: Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr; accessed April 2016
2. Brenner H et al. Progress in colorectal cancer survival in Europe from the late 1980s to the early 21st century: the EUROCARE study. Int J Cancer. 2012;131:1649–58
3. Rex D et al. Quality indicators for colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015;110:72–90